The typewriter gods work in mysterious ways. This Brother CE-70 compact electronic typewriter came with an Anelia PS print wheel

You may recall I inadvertently gave one away with a Brother WP-1600D word processor in January this year. Serendipitously, I now have a replacement.

The gently concave key-tops on this typewriter reminds me of those on my Silver Reed EX-42 …

While the EX-42 is “simply” more attractive, the Brother CE-70 is the better typewriter, at least on paper.

It’s so good, in fact, it should have been given a mention in my recent post about better-than-average compact electronic typewriters.

According to my 1986-87 Edition 9 of the German Office Equipment catalogue Info-Markt Ratgeber, the CE-70 has a top speed of 15 cps, which puts it on a par (speed-wise) with larger Brother (CE 550, CE 650, CE 700) compact electronic typewriters.

The same reference also tells me the CE-70 was first manufactured in 1983 …

I’ve mentioned before the overlap between portable and compact typewriter categories. Sure enough, the lower spec and lower speed (13 cps) Brother CE-50/51 and Brother CE-60/61 machines (1983) are listed as “portable” in Info-Markt Ratgeber Edition 5 of 1984-1985. This despite them having the same maximum writing width and paper width as the Brother CE 68 (1984) and the CE 70 (1983), which are listed as “compact”(in other words, they’re considered “semi-professional”, not quite up to “professional” standard, but still good enough for office as well as home use.

Allowing for a few errors and inconsistencies between the different editions of the Info-Markt catalogs (which are nevertheless an invaluable reference), platen width is clearly not the only factor when determining category.

The lower spec, lower-speed CE-30, for example, is bigger than my AX-10 portable electronic typewriter, yet it does not have the features that would qualify it for “compact” status.

Even though it takes the same larger, higher capacity, ribbon cartridge used in other CE-series machines, it’s just light enough to be classed as a portable (and it has a carrying handle)  …

Brother’s tabbed print wheels are the same size in all categories as far ad i know. Indeed, it’s the consistency in the design and the quality of Brother electronic typewriters in all three categories that puts them ahead of their competitors. (Look at the portables, compacts, and full size machines produced by Silver Reed, for example, and you’ll see a distinct lack of consistency in terms of both their design and their quality.)

No need to explain why Brother (and this 1984 CE-70 typewriter) are still going strong.

No instruction guide as yet, however a Quick Reference “Operating Guide” tucked underneath the front of the keyboard is better than nothing …

You only have to lift the CE-70 (or check out the advertising from the time of its release) to know it’s not a portable machine.

It’s classy, very classy indeed …

… and comes with an abundance of functions …

… which, without an instruction guide, I’m presently unable to elaborate on. Impact control is hinted at on the LCD screen …

I also haven’t figured out (it’s not obvious) where and how to attach the clip-on auxiliary paper guide …

Building on the foundation of the TWDB Brother page …

Plugged in with Brother

This draft content contains screen grabs from my archive (illustrating various body shapes) with references to serial numbers and various PDFs of advertising (mostly USA) I collated after trawling through Newspapers DOT com. Generally, these help to pin down the release date when in doubt.

My preference is to group by Portable, Compact, and Office categories, but that’s especially difficult in Brother’s case, since they had a habit of pairing up their CE and EM (compact and office) typewriters. I’ve tried to explain that in the doco.

PORTABLE (Personal/Home)

M Series: JP-16 (The Electrics 8300, 9300)


Correctronic 8300 and Executron 9300 daisy wheel electric typewriters. All manufacturer badges are ”Made in Japan”. Listed on TWDB as JP-16. I have not seen an example of an 8400 as listed there, however I have seen a Japanese listing for an “Electra 32” (Serial: C21627370) has “JP16-312 ELITE” on the manufacturer badge (various other models of electronic typewriter, some much later, sold on the domestic market in Japan have a JP16- designation):

March 1982 is the earliest USA advertising I’ve found for the 8300.
Brother9300 JustrveleasedUS29June1982.pdf May 1982 is the earliest advertising from the USA and AUS I’ve seen for the 9300.
8300 Serial illegible, looks like October 1981 Looks to be K113… …
8300 Made in Japan Serial illegible looks like October 1983 Looks to be K3… …
8300 (German listing) Made in Japan March 1982 C21626322
8300 (German listing) Made in Japan March 1982 F21727343
8300 Made in Japan December 1982 M21309002
8300 Made in Japan February 1982 B21595134
8300 Made in Japan Illegible serial no
9300 Made in Japan May 1982 E21590666
Brother Executron9300_USA8Dec1982.pdf

AX Series: JP-12x

Listed on the TWDB as JP-12x. 1985 to 1989 (Initially made in Japan, then in the UK, then (1988-1989) Korea and Taiwan.
The ribbon cover is pitched with a shorter slope running towards the back of the typewriter. There are two grooved, relatively chunky platen knobs, usually black, on either side of the platen. These knobs are high-grade rather than lower-grade ABS plastic.
Looking at the rear of the typewriter, there is a power cord compartment to the left of a vent upper right, the manufacturer badge is lower right, feet/strips left and right:

The front pitch of the AX-30 (shown on the right below) is less steep, since the ribbon cover has been modified to align with the top of an LCD panel:

The keyboard cover pictured on the AX-30 (below) is borrowed from the AX-10 (my AX-30 is missing its keyboard cover):

The correct keyboard cover for the triple pitch AX-30 display model (and the AX-20) looks more like this:

The AX-20 is triple pitch rather than dual pitch. Here’s a nicely coloured variant released in Germany:

An unusual model prefix in the USA for these is EM:
• EM-31 (USA variant of the AX-30 20 char LCD) 7000K memory computer interfaceable
• EM-30 (USA variant of the AX-20)
Other variants are Student-Riter II and SX-14 (Korea) which appear to be later releases of the AX-10s.
In Europe, an AX-10C was released with a Commodore interface port. Hence the “C”.
BrotherEm_31_EM_30USA9March1987.pdf
BrotherEM30_USA20June1991.pdf
BrotherEM31_Misc_USA10Jan1988.pdf
AX-10 (MINE) November 1985 M51844041 Made in Japan
AX-10 June 1986 Ribbed chunky platen knobs left and right, Cable stow rear left. F61546173
AX-10 AUS Made in Japan June 1986 F61546173
BrothersMisc_SmithCorona_USA4Nov1987.pdf – AX-10PD listed (what is “PD” – it’s used quite often as a suffix?)
AX-12 – dark ribbon cover and keys on a cream base – also cream ribbon cover on a dark base and dark keyboard
AX-12 Made in Japan October 1985 K51664573
BrotherAX_12USA_21May1986.pdf
SX-14 Listed in the USA Made in Korea January 1989 A90231210 Definitely the same body shape – later copies of the originals. Advertised USA Nov 1988
BrotherAX_12USA_21May1986
AX-12M Made in Japan (Lavender limited edition colour) September 1986 J61849076 – Lavender ribbon cover on cream/beige base and cream/beige keyboard
AX-12 Student Riter II Made in Japan September 1985 J51670027
AX-20 German- white with black keyboard – is a different colour scheme. Keyboard cover is raised at/over the front. Same for AX-30 with IF-60-Interface Unit listed as 1986
AX-20 (German Listing) Made in UK July 1987 G78520452 “Jubilee Model”
AX-20 USA listing October 1986 K61996810 Made in Japan
AX-30 Made in UK June 1986 F68189959
AX-12M and AX-20 ad USA 1988
In TWDB, Compactronic 300, 310, 350 , EM-30, 30 II, 31 are listed in this category. I’d put them in a separate category (next).

AX Series 12-xx

In the USA, a style update on the AX JP 12x series appears to have been released around June 1986: These typewriters have a flatter profile with a one-piece clip-on lid, rather than a snap-on keyboard cover. This styling is reminiscent of CE Series JP-11x portables (See next category) manufactured around the same time as the AX JP 12x series.

Advertising for the AX-15 USA November 1986:

The back of these typewriters, however, resemble those of the original JP-12x (AX-10, 12, 20, 30) series. They appear to be a little wider, having straight sides, rather sides which incline inwards. Feet/strips on the left and right of the rear of the typewriter are narrower.
Looking at the back of the typewriter, there is a rectangular cable stow compartment is to the left, with a vent on the top right, two foot-strips L and R, the manufacturer badge lower right, no other vents, a slot for a serial connector bottom left.
Brother AX-30 (JP-12x):

Compactronic 310:

AX-15M Made in Japan October 1986 K61943366 Advertised USA April 1987
BrotherAX_15M_20_USA_30Oct1986.pdf
It’s dual pitch with a 12″ carriage 5000 char storage memory.
AX-33 Made in Japan July 1986? G61612980 same rear as the AX-15M above
Advertised as new in USA July 1987 20 char LCD screen
AX-33PD March 1988 (I keep coming across “PD” in ads? What is it an abbreviation of?)
AX-20 H61742554 Made in Japan Same as above
AX-20 USA K61994983 Made in Japan
AX-20 Made in Japan October 1986 K61994983 5000 char storage memory Has the CE-style two-tone colouring, black keyboard, black platen knobs L and R, green code key
Compatronic 310 June 1986 F61519610
AX20PD_ and 310PD advertised USA 16th August 1987
Compactronic 310-USA A black white out key on cream keyboard and body, black ribbon cover
Made in Japan October 1986 K63959782 –
Compactronic 300M looks like a USA version of the CE-30- all black, 5000 character memory
Platen knobs L and R, Green code key, White White Out Key
300M Compactronic Made in Japan July 1986 G61621974
Appears to have paper release lever on left. Word Out white key green code key
300 and 300M advertised USA November 1986

CE Series JP-11x

The TWDB refers to these as JP-11x. 1982 to 1988? I have come across an “Electra 25” Japanese listing, which is the same typewriter as a CE-25. The Japanese variant has “JP16-251” on the manufacturer badge. (Probably not significant, since many different electronic typewriters made for the domestic market in Japan are prefixed JP16-XXX on the manufacturer badge, where XXX is usually an alphanumeric model code.)

A distinguishing (and not very nice) feature of this short-lived series is a one-piece ribbon cover that also covers the power cord compartment that sits behind the platen:

Looking at the back of the typewriter, the manufacturer badge is on the left, a vent runs along the bottom of the typewriter, below the badge, from L to R, running across just over half the width of the machine:

CE-30:
CE-25
CE-35 Made in USA – March 1985. C51186780 Seems to be the top of the line. (CE-40 belongs in the next category.)
CE-222 Has exactly the same back as above.
TWDB: CE-222, CE-30, CE-35, CE-333, Correctronic 35, Compactronic I, Compactronic 333, Student-Riter XL1, Pro-Riter XL I

AX Series: JP-18 1987 –

The TWDB refers to these as JP-18. A Japanese listing of a “Wordshot II” portable electronic typewriter, which seems to typify the body shape and distinguishing features of this series, has “JP16-V10” on its manufacturer badge.
I’ve not seen an AX-10 (as listed on the TWDB) that matches this body shape.
Top of the range seems to be the AX- 28 with an 80 character x 2 line display, that’s pretty impressive – advertised in March 1989 for sure so possibly released 1988.

Looking at the back of these typewriters, a generous cord compartment is towards the right (almost central) and overlaps onto the top edge of the typewriter, as shown clearly below. There is a narrow vent top left, and a vent along the bottom, with the manufacturer badge bottom right. There are angular (single rather than double) feet/strips left and right:

Unlike later portables, these typewriters have left and right platen knobs, which are grooved. The left platen knob has an inner platen release button, as shown here:

The profile is straight-lined and mostly smooth, however, some models, for example, the Correctronic 320 (USA) and the AX-22, (USA) below, have a narrow ribbed lower mid-section:

The keyboard cover has two release sliders at the top, left and right, with latches at the front that grip to the underside of the typewriter keyboard.

Re the “Correctronic 320” (The image in the advertising here seems to be in error, unless it’s a 320 that belongs to the previous series):

AX-18
AX-28 Made in Japan March 1988 also an ad USA March 1988
Brothers_Panasonic_USA25Oct1989.pdf USA The AX-18/24/26 are advertised here
BrotherAx_33NEWITEM_CanonS_58USA_5July1987.pdf
BrothersMisc_SmithCorona_USA4Nov1987.pdf – AX-22, AX-26 listed as New
AX-35 (German listings x 2)
AX-22 H86426097 August 1988 H76122227 Made in USA August 1987
AX-22 Made in USA June 1989 F96712644
AX-22 Made in USA August 1988 H86426097
AX-24 Made in Japan March 1989 C91688965
AX-25
BrotherSmithCoronaMisc_USA14Aug1988.pdf AX-22, AX-25
AX-26 40 char display triple pitch Advertised USA 29 Nov 1987
Brother_SmithCorona_Casio_USA29Nov1987.pdf
AX-28 Made in Japan November 1987 L71980873
AX-15 (Australian listing) Made in Japan May 1987 E7152528.

AX-15/24/25 Advertising AUS August 1989
also Australian – September 1988 J81504612
also (USA listing) Made in Japan K61943366 1996?
Wordshot (Japanese listing) has “JP16-V10” on its manufacturer badge (serial: March 1990 C01173393).
AX-45 (aAustralian listing) Made in Japan September 1987 J71797146
Brother_AX_45_Introduced_AUS_10Nov1987.pdf
AX-45 yellowed ribbon cover only – UK listing – connects to IF-20 INTERFACE-BOX
AX45 takes a memory card as per a German listing MEMORY CARD

HQ-220 and Correctronic 340 are the same model according to TWDB
Brother_HQ_220_Electronic_USA10July1988.pdf
Brother_n_Younkers_MISC_USA27April1990.pdf (AX-145, 340, 360 advertised here)

In particular, the SX-16 and SX-23 have what might be called a “light-on-dark, 2-step inset keyboard” (see image below). This design characteristic seems to have carried over to the next series of single-platen-knobbed “ALPHAS” (my classification) and BETAS (as listed on the TWDB).
Stylistically, note that the WP/LW word processors seem to fit neatly between the ALPHAS and BETAS having style characteristics of both).

SX-16 Made in USA January 1990 A06146003 (above) – also advertised USA August 1989
BrotherSX_23_USA20Jan1991.pdf advertised with Brother USA 35th Anniversary sticker (below):

AX/GX Alpha (α) 1990 – 1992

Note: This category is listed on the TWDB as “Beta”, but it predates a category not yet included on the Brother page, so I renamed to Alpha, and the new category is named Beta instead).

Japanese listings of two typewriters which belong to this category (the Wordshot III and the Wordshot-SP) show “JP16-U10” and “JP16-U20” on the manufacturer badge, respectively.
GX and AX prefixed portable electronic typewriters were often sold in pairs, usually with a shared instruction guide, I’m not sure what the difference was – if there was a difference, which was the higher spec machine, and which was the lower spec machine. Example advertising from the USA December 1993:

These 1990s typewriters look, on the face of it, like the previous category (what I chose to call the “Alphas” – not that those typewriters necessarily came before. It seems both categories were manufactured around the same time).
Compare this AX-110 listed in Germany (Made in the UK as all the European ones are):

From this viewpoint, it’s not dissimilar to the AX-600 and AX-210 in the “Alphas” category, except that the rear has a power cord holder rather than a cord compartment:

AX-140 (German listing):

Also, the “blocky” and “ribbed” profile is very different to the “zig-zag” profile of the “Alphas”. Here’s a Wordshot VII (Japanese listing JP16-U10):

For the AX Beta (β) typewriters, the TWDB says 1989 to 1992 Known Models: AX-250, AX-350, AX-110, AX-120, GX-6000, GX-7000
We can also add:
GX-8000 “Correctronic”
GX-9000 “Correctronic” Word Processing Typewriter Made in the USA March 1992 C26882772
(Various “Worldwide sponsor of the 1988 and 1992 Olympic Games” stickers confirm the year on many of these typewriters as 1992)
BrotherGX7000_8000_9000USA16Sep1990.pdf
BrotherGX_AX300_USA16June1993.pdf GX-7500 8500 AX-300
BrotherGX_IBM6779_USA21Aug1990.pdf – Advertising includes for GX-6000/7000/8000/9000
GX_6000 Made in USA K065253 October 1990
GX-7000 Made in Japan E01233300
BrotherElectronicTypewriters_GX_Series_Canada_25April1992.pdf 6000, 7000, 8000, 9000
AX-110 French listing Made in UK December 1990 M09070461
AX-130 German listing Made in UK May 1991 E19251354
AX-130 UK listing Made in UK July 1992 G28748607
AX-140
AX-145 German listing Made in UK June 1991 F19278147
AX-230 (German listing)
BrotherAX_210_CanonSharp_UJ_8Dec1993.pdf
AX-130 Made in UK June 1990 F08899791
AX-145 (German Listing) F19278147 Made in UK Cable shoe at rear of machine
GX-30
AX-350 Ad USA 1990
BrotherSmithCoronaMIS-USA25Nov1990C.pdf AX-350BT ??
AX-U40
AX-550 left-only platen knob smooth not ribbed paper release on right, cable holder
AX-550, 250 advertised USA October 1991, February 1992
BrotherAx_550_250USA_27Oct1991.pdf
AX-250, 350, 450 Advertised USA July 1991 look like Beta – drawing only
BrotherSmithCoronaCanonUSA6Dec1992.pdf AX-250/450/500 USA advertised here
Wordshot III

WP Series 1990-1994

These “WP” prefixed word processing typewriters were clearly manufactured alongside the AX/GX Betas and what I’ve called the “Alphas” (see next category).
Indeed, looking at the top/front, the grey ones with a what I’ve called a “light on dark two-step-inset keyboard” (on those models without a flip-up display screen) look very much like the Brother GX7000/8000/9000 Betas circa 1990:

They also have the same “blocky” Beta profile:

However, rather than having a cord holder on the rear, there’s a cable stow compartment across the width of the rear of the machine, with a door that flips up for use as a paper rest. This is a design characteristic that carried over to the AX/GX “Alpha” category.

An instruction guide for the WP-3400 “Word Processor” is shown here.

So where does a “word-processing typewriter” end, and a “word processor” begin?
For Brother, it seems the WP-3410 qualifies as the latter:

But for me, you cross that boundary once an adjustable flip-up display screen and a floppy disc drive has been added, for example, in the case of the “WP-1600D:

I just don’t think of it as a “wedge” anymore, even if it does still have “typewriter” mode.

WP-1500D:

Advertising ISA December 1993:

NOTE
https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brother_LW-Reihe
Describes four generations of LW prefixed word processors.
Within the framework of the LW series, the Büromaschinen manufacturer Brother introduced several typewriters under the type designation LW in Germany and Europe from the 1990s (following the WP series from the late 1980s). On the American market the same typewriters were introduced and sold under the already established name WP-series (for Word Processor).
Note: “i” = models with ink printing (ink); “C” = models with color ink print (color)
All other (previous) models use type wheel printers.

Brother WORD PROCESSOR SUPPLY KIT-ModelsListed.jpg
BrotherWp3400_SMithCoronaSL570_USA27Feb1992.pdf
BrotherWps9Sep1993.pdf WP-3410 WP-1400D
BrotherWpsMISC_USA9Feb1992.pdf Wp-2400, 2200, 3400
BrotherWp3900DS_Wp_USA7May1993.pdf MS-DOS compatible
BrotherAX_325_425_WPs_USA25Aug1994.pdf WP 3410, WP 5750DS
BrotherSmithCoronaCanonUSA6Dec1992.pdf WP-3900
SmithCoronaBrotherWPs_USA18Aug1993.pdf WP-680
WP-1
WP-100J
WP-1350DS
WP-1400D
WP-1450DS
WP-1500D
WP-1600D
WP-1700MDS
WP-1800
WP-200
WP-200 STM
WP-2200
WP-230B
WP-2400
WP-2410
WP-2410DS
WP-2450DS
WP-2500Q
WP-3400
WP-3410
WP-3900
WP-410
WP-5750DS
WP-680
WP-7000J
WP-700D
WP-7400J
WP-75
WP-7500J
WP-7550J
WP-760D
WP-760D+
WP-7700CJ
WP-7800J
WP-80
WP-800MDS
WP-85
WP-90
WP-900MDS
WP-95
BROTHER ZX3000

WhisperWriter (J indicates Ink Jet) WP-6700CJ
WhisperWriter WP-7400J
WhisperWriter WP-7550J
WhisperWriter WP-7550J PLUS
WhisperWriter WP-7700CJ
LW-20
Ink jet? Thermals?
LW-800ic
LW-800icPLUS l
LW-810ic
LW-810icBL
LW-840ic

LW-20 Made in UK 1992? C3210618
LW-30 Made in USA February 1992 0r 2002??? B26846334
(So the LW- prefix not just used in Europe)
Has a ribbed rear top and bottom, with paper guide slider top right, badge bottom right
Smooth left-only platen knob , 3.5″ disk drive front right
LW-400 (German listing) disk drive as above interfaceable to external display screen
WP-3400 Made in USA April 1991? D16901358 Looks like the unscalloped millenials e.g. GX-8000
WP-760D 7 x 80 char display 3.5” 240K floppy disc drive
LW-350 Made in UK May 2005 E58417444
is a different beast entirely rounded but not scalloped with a BIG LCD screen multi-line
WP-75 Ad USA 1990
WP 1600D November 2002?? L26844502
WP-3400-usa-SERIAL 1991
WP-3410 E365077
LW-20:
BrotherWp3400_SMithCoronaSL570_USA27Feb1992.pdf
BrotherWps9Sep1993.pdf WP-3410 WP-1400D
BrotherWp3900DS_Wp_USA7May1993.pdf MS-DOS compatible

GW-25 advertised Feb 1995 London – looks like a prefix variant of an LW series word processor, possibly inkjet – curved body shape not covered in this doco

AX/GX Beta (-β ) 1992-1994

Note: This is not the AX Beta category listed on the TWDB (Since it predates this category, I swapped them around, and that category is renamed Alpha).
These 1990s typewriters look, on the face of it, like the AX-β (beta) machines listed on the TWDB and listed in the previous category (I went with “Alphas” as an arbitrary name for this series, but clearly these came after the Betas).
These “Alphas” are different from the typewriters in the AX/GX Beta category (and more like the WP series), in that they have a cord compartment which runs across the back of the machine (rather than a cord holder). Vents are centred along the bottom. The manufacturer badge is to the left of the vents:

This colourful example, above and below, is the AX-210 “Midori”:

AX-600:

Keyboard cover with a raised bubble over the space bar. Flared tabs at top of the keyboard cover L and R:

Another distinguishing feature of these “Alphas” is what I like to call a “zig-zag” profile. Again, take the AX-210 “Midori” as an example:

In diagrammatic form, the category looks like this:

In the USA, the GX-6500/7500/8500/9500 series, seen her in an ad dated 14th November 1993, are clearly of the same type:

GX-7500 is synonymous with AX-400 according to one August 1993 ad I’ve seen (USA).
GX-9500 is synonymous with AX-600 according to the cover of a user guide I’ve seen.

AX-600 Word processing typewriter SERIAL-USA-1994 February 1994 B46382545
GX-6500, GX-7500
GX-8500 Made in USA E36490857
These “Alphas” seem more prevalent, however, in Europe and the UK as AX- series typewriters:
AX-210 UK Listing Made in UK December 1992? M2893022
Advertised USA December 1993 dual pitch 12 cps
AX-210 German listing Made in UK January 1993 A38967772
AX-210 Midori turquoise/green Made in UK October 1993 K38486905
AX-210 OKO Made in UK January 1994 A48649093
AX-210 Made in UK December 1992 M28930222
AX-230BOX zig-zag profile Made in UK July 1994 G48916539
AX-240 German Listing Made in UK LCD model August 1993 H38429290AX-300 Made in USA June 1993 F36533848
AX-300 Made in USA June 1993 F36533997 (Note the AX-310 is a scalloped typewriter, see next two categories)
AX-400 Advertised USA October 1993
AX-450 Ad USA May 1992
AX-500

AX-GX Gamma (γ) 1994 – 2004?

Portable electronic wedges with the “scalloped” body shape, listed as GX-SX series on the TWDB. I’ve seen one example of an instruction guide which is shared between AX and GX prefixed models (AX-600 and GX9500 – as with the compact and office typewriters, Brother marketed portable electronic typewriters in lower-spec, higher-spec pairs.
Generally, the better models are faster (12 cps); the cheaper ones are slower (10 cps).
While I’ve not sighted a ZX-30, 50, 70, 1700, 1900, 3000 (as seen in various ribbon listings) to confirm whether they are of the scalloped variety, I have sighted this SX-4000:

The profile of the typewriters in this category have what I like to call a “float” (think of the floats on a sea plane). The left-hand platen knob is built into the “float” as shown on this AX-625:

Looking at the rear, the manufacturer badge is on the right. There is a “minimalist” open cord compartment on the left. (Since there’s no compartment door that flips up to provide a paper guide, the keyboard cover doubles as a paper guide, as shown on the box above.)

There are potentially two different categories. The chief difference I noted:
• Some models have a HAND GRIP on the underside of the machine, rather than a fold-out HANDLE. (While the undersides of these machine are very similar, making you think they might be interchangeable, the presence of a handle or a hand grip does not seem to vary for any particular model, in other words, it’s either one or the other, and not a mixture of both.
SCALLOPED WITH A HANDLE:

GX8750 – Looks like G7… 1997 Handle not hand grip
SX-4000 Made in USA October 1995 K56496780 wide ribbed left-only platen knob scalloped white keyboard on grey plastic, dual pitch 12cps
SX-4000 -UNDERSIDE-HANDLE
SX-4000 Advertised as early as August 1995 in the USA and still being advertised 10 years later.
Triple pitch, 12.8″ paper capacity, 9″ printing capacity
BrotherGX_6750_SX4000_USA23Aug2003.pdf
ML 100 “Standard” Made in Malaysia March 1995 C5K143548 wide ribbed left-only platen knob scalloped one-colour plastic shape, dual pitch 12cps
Open cable stow hatch
ML 300 small 15 char? LCD
ML 500???
AX-625 Made in the USA April 1997 D76974311
AX-325 Made in the USA July 1994 dual pitch
BrotherAX_325_425_USA_29Oct1994.pdf
AX-350 Profile is THICK DIAGONAL RIBS at pointed front then rectangle at back
ribbed on lower back of profile
AX-550 SERIAL Made in USA D06287339 20 April 2000?
AX-425 M78479427 AX-425 16 char LCD triple pitch 1997
AX-430 HAS FOLD OUT HANDLE NOT HAND GRIP
AX-430 Made in UK July 2002 G28127855, January 2001 A18465802

SCALLOPED WITH A HAND GRIP:
Wordshot V:

A hand grip built into the underside rather than a handle

WordshotV-Japan5-Scalloped-HAND-GRIP
AX-100
AX100boxDiagram.jpg I THE CATEGORY DIAGRAM
or
GX-6750-BOXusaFEATURES-SLOW.jpg 10 cps Use the DIAGRAM for Category
GX-6750 Made in Malaysia November 2003 L3K606261 wide ribbed left-only platen knob scalloped white keyboard on grey plastic, dual pitch 12cps
Some are assembled USA
GX-6750 HAND GRIP Made in Malaysia November L3K606261, L4E048124, B4E816766
AX-340 Made in UK March 1995 C58359976
AX-310 Made in UK M58629561 December 1995?
AX-310H Made in UK May 1995 D%8395503 open cable stow left side of rear
AX-330
AX-325 Made in USA April 1994 D46530019 . August 1994 H464941598
AX-325, 425 Ad USA 29 October 1994
AX-100 1999 F98180221 Made in UK –
AX-340 German listing Made in UK 1995 C58359976
AX-375
AX-410 Made in UK October 2000? K0C204575
AX-425 16 char display triple pitch
BrotherAX_325_425_WPs_USA25Aug1994.pdf
AX-600 SERIAL-USA M9036674 Made in USA December 1999
AX-625 M9D036674 Made in USA December 1999
AX-625 Japan listing D76974311 April 1997
Wordshot V sold in Japan Assembled in USA
ZX-1700 (unsighted so might not be scalloped?) USA June 1996 s’hand advertisement, 6000 char text memory
ZX-1900 “word processing typewriter” (unsighted so might not be scalloped?) USA November 1995 s’hand ad
GX 6750
GX-6500
GX-8750
GX-9750
GX100
GX6750SP
GX8250
GX8500

EM 1 and 2: JP-15 1980-1983

The EM-1 is the typewriter that started the ball rolling (or the electronic daisy wheel spinning) for Brother in 1980. They were possibly the first to develop a tabbed print wheel cassette – one that was so well-designed they never needed to change it – however, they were using IBM Selectric ribbons at this point.
Brother_Em1_Em2_9300USA20mar1983.pdf
EM-2 interfaces to a VDU screen. Official typewriter of the 1984 Olympics. Triple pitch, Auto-centering, 1000 character phrase memory, page format right margin justification, decimal tabulation, computer interfaceable. $995
EM-1 also advertised $795. 9300 for $378.
EM-1 has an interchangeable cassette print-wheel. Possibly the first.

EM-1 1980:

EM-2:Made in Japan A21567561

CE/EM 16x Pairings

EM and CE prefixed electronic typewriters were often marketed in pairs, sometimes with a shared instruction guide – with the EM prefix being reserved for the more higher spec machine, and the CE version being reserved for the lower spec machine. Apart from a noticeable different in weight and physical dimensions, differences might be the addition of memory, computer interface ports, faster print speed, etc.
The 1984 CE-60 (Jp-16x?) is described in advertising of the time as “a compact, lightweight version of the EM-200” (JP-15xx?) which is why I’ve put them together as a “pair” here.

CE Series: JP-16x 1983-1987?

These higher spec “CE” compact electronic typewriters differ to those in the CE prefixed JP-11x category. Looking at the back of the typewriter, a distinguishing feature (and an improvement) is a power cord compartment which is separate to the ribbon cover and which runs across the back of the typewriter:

A vent runs along the bottom and across the whole width. The manufacturer badge is on the left between the vent and the cord compartment.

I have seen a Japanese listing for an “Electra 61”. It has JP-16x stamped on the underside of the lid. “JP-16 621” is shown on the manufacturer badge.

CE-50 Made in Taiwan April 1984

CE 40, 45, 50, 60, 65, 70 all Advertised USA Nov 1984
BrotherCE_range_OlympicsAUS4May1984.pdf CE-40/50/60/70 are mentioned here but only in the context of the release of higher spec EM-80/100/200 typewriters.
According to advertising, the CE-60 is a compact, lightweight version of the EM-200. And at $749, a third of the price.
For Brother, this pairing of compact typewriters and “office” machines was common. Size-wise they might even be the same, just differ in functionality and memory, etc.
Electra-61 (CE-61)
Compactronic 50 and 60
Correctronic 50 Advertised USA 29Jan 1984
CE 65
CE_50
CE-50XL
CE-61 Made in Japan, February 1985 B51140538
CE-68 Two-tone style – Made in Taiwan June 1987 F7235241
CE-70, Executron 70
CE-58 Compactronic Made in Japan illegible serial number looks like July 1991??? G1
BrotherCE222_555_USA2June1985.pdf
CE-666-Correctronic

EM Series: JP-16x 1983 -?

The following typewriters are listed as JP-15x on the TWDB, but to me it makes to put them with the CE JP-16x series, hence the name “EM Series JP-16x”. This “pairing” is borne out by advertising of the time. The 1984 CE-60, for example, was described in advertising of the time as “a compact, lightweight version of the EM-200”. The typewriters in these CE/EM categories have the same classic wedge shape.
As shown by the pairings in the following sections, EM and CE prefixed electronic typewriters were often marketed in pairs, sometimes with a shared instruction guide, with the EM prefix being reserved for the higher spec “office” machine, and the CE version being reserved for the lower spec “small office” compact. Differences might be the addition of memory, computer interface ports, faster print speed, etc.
EM-80 has vent on right-hand side profile near front:

EM-85:

BrotherCE_range_OlympicsAUS4May1984.pdf The release of higher spec EM-80/100/200 typewriters, complements lower-spec CE-40/50/60/70 typewriters.
EM-85 (USA listing) Made in Japan C51211078
EM-100:

EM-200:

EM-200 Australian listing Made in Japan F41253201
EM-100 and IF50 interface box:
Rear is stepped … power cord is fixed? IF interface port:

Brother_EM_200_CE_60_AUS8Aug1983.pdf
EM-200 (16 char LCD display, 8K memory, bidirectional printing, IF50 interface unit, MD200 disk drive with 16K mini floppy discs $2195) and CE-60 released.
Brother_EM_1_2_200_250_711_USA8Aug1986.pdf
EM-200, EM-250, Current Model EM-711
EM-85 Listed in USA Made in Japan March 1985 C51211078 Two-step inset black keyboard on white/cream
also F57232718 Made in Taiwan June 1985 has small LCD screen 15?
EM-80 also listed in Australia
Em-100 Official typewriter of the 1984 Los Angeles Olympics
BrotherEM_100_200AUS29Nov1983.pdf
BrotherEm_200USA_22June1983.pdf
EM-200 June 1984 F41253201
EM-100 and EM-200 Advertised May 1983

CE/CX 16xx

Compare the curved and slimline CX-series “Professional” typewriters to the bulkier and more rectangular “Professional” 420 and 460 typewriters (USA) and there is commonality in the slider switches, the LEDs above the left-hand side of the keyboard, and the overall keyboard layout:

Furthermore, “Professional” 420 and 460 typewriters appear to be identical to the EM-401 and 411 as shown here: (BrotherProfessional420_460_USA1Sep1987.pdf)

This is no doubt why the TWDB puts these models in the same JP-16xx category, ie: EM401, Professional 90, Professional 400.

CX Series: JP-16xx

1985-1986: In this category I have seen a Japanese listing for a CX-60 which has JP16-X60 on the manufacturer badge, so presumably the others in this series have a similar X model number.
Ribbon listings go like this:
Brother CX-50 / Brother CX-60 / Brother CX-65 /Brother CX-80 /Brother / Brother CX-85
The “Professional” name seems to be limited to the USA? I’ve seen CX- variants elsewhere.
Narrow ribbed platen knobs left and right, cream/white keyboard with a black Word Out key, cream/white body with black ribbon cover (typically)
4 slider switches to the left of the keyboard. A power switch below the left platen knob.

Advertising for the Professional CX-80, USA Nov 1986:

Looking at the back of these typewriters, the power cord compartment is on the left (different to the JP-16x category above). There is an upper vent to the right. A vent also runs along the bottom of the back of the typewriter. There are two (doubled) feet/strips left and right. The manufacturer badge is on the right between the upper and lower vents:

These typewriters have a one-piece lid with a steeper incline or “swoop” over the keyboard.

The lid is arched, in other words, to accommodate two typewheels on the underside of the lid.

CX-60:

CX-60s:
February 1986 B61130353
June 1986 F61564292
BrotherCX_90_USA14Oct1990.pdf
CX-80:
BrotherCX80_USA24Aug1986.pdf

BrotherCX90_smithCorona_USA14July1986.pdf
CX-80 Made in Japan G61564457
CX-80 Sold in USA as the “Professional 80” – has serial port on right-hand side
CX-90 Professional 90 – Made in Japan D61340227
BrothersMisc_SmithCorona_USA4Nov1987.pdf – CX-80, CX-95 listed as NEW
CX-440 Ad November 1986:

Also: BrotherProfessionalElectronicTypewritersUSA7Sep1986.pdf

EM Series : JP-16xx 1986-1989?

Looking at the back of the machine, there is a vent along the top, a vent along the upper rear, a smaller vent bottom right. A serial port and an interface port is to the left of the lower vent. The manufacturer badge sits above the lower vent on the right.
These typewriters have a non-detachable, built-in power cord. Foot strips (doubled) to the left and right: EM-401, Rear…

EM-401, Front:

EM-411:

CE-550 with yellowed keys – ABS plastic -adjustable display.
Ribbed rear top panel and ribbed top-rear all along its length
Ribbed platen knobs left and right

EM-401, Rear: Looking at the back of the machine, there is a vent along the top, and a vent along the bottom right. A serial port and an interface port is to the left of the lower vent. The manufacturer badge sits above the lower vent on the right.
A non-detachable in-built power cord,. Foot strips (doubled) to the left and right:

CE-500 Made in UK August 1986 14 cps max writing 297mm, max paper width 368mm
CE-550 Made in UK March 1986 15 cps max writing 297mm, max paper width 368mm
In the USA, Brother “Professional” 420 and 460 typewriters appear to have the same body shape as the EM-401/411 typewriters (BrotherProfessional420_460_USA1Sep1987.pdf):
Compare the EM-401/411 to the sleeker USA “Professional” models (CX series JP16-xx: CX-90/80/60) and there is commonality in the slider switches, the LEDs above the keyboard, left, and the keyboard layout.

EM/CE 15x/15xx

Australia 1988: (Brother_New_CE_family_fX-series-AUS_18Oct1988.pdf) a distinction is made between CE and EM typewriters:
“A new CE family of machines is for typing in small offices. It ranges from a basic electronic typewriter, the CE-600, to the CE-1050 with an 80-character two-line screen and a 70,00 Word Spell corrector.
Three more powerful machines for larger office environments extend Brother’s EM range of electronic typewriters. The EM-750fx and EM-850fx can be upgraded to the EM-2050, which has an 80-character 25-line display and advanced word processing functions. Prices range from $789 to $3145.”

EM/CE JP-15x: 1985-1990?

EM-711, EM-811 are listed as JP-15x on the TWDB. Looking at the back of the machine, there is a single vent along the top. A flat paper table sits along the top-rear of the machine. The is a non-detachable power cord to the right, with the manufacturer badge to the right of that. An inset panel for various communication ports, bottom left.
EM-601:

EM-611:

EM-711:

EM-711 Rear:

This EM-850fx appears to be a later example of the same series. An interesting feature of these typewriters is a keyboard which is completely detachable:

EM-850fx June 1990? F03118027 Made in Japan
EM-601, EM-611:
EM-701 Made in UK November 1985 20 cps Max writing 335mm Max paper 420mm (A3) Triple pitch plus Proportional Spacing
EM-711, EM-701fx
EM-721 Info Markt Made in UK March 1986 20 cps 335mm and 420mm (A3) Triple pitch plus Proportional Spacing

Brother_EM_721_811AUS30May1986andeconomics.pdf AUSTRALIA
The EM-721 is listed as NEW. Has a 20 char LCD screen. $1595/
The EM-811 Has a 20 char LCD screen. 20K memory expandable to 36K. $1895
EM-221 Info Markt Made in UK March 1986 20 cps 335mm and 420mm (A3) Triple pitch plus Proportional Spacing
AN FB-300 Floppy disc drive connects to both the above. $449
A 5 year price comparison is provided with the Canon AP-560, IBM Quietwriter 7, Adler SE-1035C, Olivetti ET-116.

EM-501 Made in UK March 1986 16 cp Max writing width 335mm, max paper width420mm (A3)
(Release date for the EM-511 in InfoMarkt (Germany) is March 1986, however USA advertising exists for October 1985. Not unexpected for there to be a difference.)
EM-511 16 cps Max writing width 335mm, max paper width420mm (A3)
Brother_EM_511_NEW__IBMSelectric_USA27Oct1985.pdf
EM-511 small LCD display. Adjustable keyboard. Word Spell dictionary option. $499
Much cheaper than a Correcting Selectric II advertised on the same page $810
EM-501 Made in UK B78381681
EM-711 Made in Japan D71519050
BrotherEm_series_AUS11April1986.pdf EM-501 (IF300 interface)EM-511, EM-701, EM-711(Cut Sheet Feeder CF-300)
BrotherEM_811AUS20Aug1986.pdf
BrotherEM_seriesAUS12Nov1987.pdf EM-811fx
EM-611 40 char LCD.

EM/CE JP-15xx: 1986-1992?

I’ve named these JP-15xx to differentiate from the previous category. Looking at the back of the machine, they’re different, with four vents top and bottom, in-built power cord, manufacturer badge is bottom right, with a serial port to the left of that. Some kind of interface port bottom centre. A large paper rest slots into the top of the machine:

CE-700 :

CE-600:

CE-700:

CX-800:

CX-700:

EM-1050:

EM-1005, 1050, 430 Rear: Looking at the back of the machine, there are four vents top and bottom, in-built power cord, manufacturer badge is bottom right, with a serial port to the left of that. Some kind of interface port bottom centre.

EM-430/CE-400:

CE-400 Rear:

EM-1000:

EM-430/CE-400
EM-430 December 1994? M48308091 Made in UK also sold as CE-400, or at least they have the same user guide. Another example of “model pairing”.
InfoMarkt Release Dates:
CE-600 Made in UK January 1989 15 cps max writing 297mm, max paper width 361mm
CE-650 Made in UK August 1986 15 cps max writing 297mm, max paper width 368mm
CE-700 Made in UK January 1989 15 cps max writing 297mm, max paper width 381mm
CE-700 listed in Germany white and grey keys on black/dark body
CE-650 Made in UK July 1987: G78545030
CX-800 looks to be the same model as the CE-700. CX-700 appears to be a lower-spec version of the CE-700. No LCD and fewer function keys.
JP-16 T60 ===========================
CX-700 G22533419 July 1992 Made in Japan is shown as JP-16 T60
CX-800 has a long 80? LCD screen Serial illegible
EM-1005, 1050, 430

BEM/CM: 2002 -2012?

These typewriters have a broad three-tiered body with a vent along the top-rear of the machine. The platen knobs are smooth, which is characteristic of the last Brother CM/EM series. The model prefix on the manufacturer badge is sometimes BEM. All seem to be made in the UK:

Looking at the back of the machine, there are just two lower vents. left and right, with the manufacturer badge to the right of the lower right vent.

EM-530/CM-1000
EM-630/CM-2000
EM-530 also sold as CM-1000 in so far as they share a user guide – Made in UK February 2002? B28488940, also J48123584
BEM-630 – M78546399 Made in UK
CM-1000 with yellowed keys ABS plastic
CM-1000 Made in UK K38521818 October 2003?
CM-1000 Made in UK G28167396 July 2002?
CM-2000 G28167398 Made in UK 2002? 20 cps triple pitch (see spec):
CM-2000 20 cps, 40 char LCD, triple pitch, 3.5″ disk drive front right-hand side
CM-1000:

CM-2000:

EM-630/CM-2000 :