Unless my eyes deceive me, the “new office product” on the desk in this press photo, taken on the premises of Professional Office Products, Pittsfield, Massachusetts, circa the 9th of July 1983, is a TEC TW-1000 electronic typewriter:
Until now I’d been unable to put a year of release to the one in my collection. 1983.
The same TEC typewriter is, I think, advertised here as a “Pacific 1000” in The Age, Melbourne, in May 1987:
“Pacific” probably on account of a sticker on the front of the typewriter, as is the case with this “Pacific 2000” (TEC TW-1100):
Less aesthetically pleasing than my TEC TW-1000 is this function-rich TEC TW-1450:
Unfortunately, this one’s missing its platen knob.
The TW-1450 was introduced in March 1987: indeed, a written note on the inside of the instruction guide tells me this typewriter was purchased new on the 29th of September that year, for $749 AUD.
A new ribbon was last installed in this machine in November 1991, since when this typewriter has remained unused, unloved, and put into storage, until the previous owner put it up for sale last month.
With a top speed of 12 cps, the TEC TW-1450 is not the fastest, nor the most attractive, compact electronic typewriter out there; the build quality, however, is excellent.
The TW-1450 manufacturer badge states “Made in Japan”:
The TW-1000 serial number has an “S” prefix which indicates it was made in Singapore:
The 98-page instruction guide is in good condition, apart from a damp affected and cello-taped cover page, and serves as a reminder that something important is missing.
While I can still turn the platen to manually feed paper into the typewriter, I can’t press (an absent button) to adjust the paper to any line position.
TEC compact electronic typewriters take an Olivetti Praxis 35 compatible ribbon, of which I have plenty. Two more came with the typewriter, along with a Courier 10 print wheel and six spares (Tile Italic 10 12, Cubic 10 12, Orator 10, Prestige Elite 12, and two Script 12 wheels).
The TW-1000, which came to me with a single Letter Gothic 12 wheel, now has a few more options.
If I just had time to actually use ’em …
I found myself another TEC-related Japanese phonecard …
Chou Saku 張作 typewriter/book-keeping machine
More useful is this (English, French, German, Spanish) instruction guide for the TEC TW-1000, which was sent to me via Royal Mail from an eBay seller in the U.K. …
TEC TW-1000 (below, from my collection)
I previously scoffed at the idea of an instruction guide for what appears to be a basic electronic typewriter, but clearly there are many things I didn’t know and the instruction guide weighs in at 35 pages.
As is often the case, the instruction guide is yellowed and damp-affected, so all the more reason to preserve it in digital format. English portions of the guide which were placed conveniently (for cropping) at the top of each page alongside an illustration, are shown below.
I’ll add a PDF link to the full-page multiple-language instructions once I get around to it. Enjoy! 😉
Pitch Selector and Keyboard Control:
Paper insertion and adjustment:
Paper guide and line spacing:
Accent marks (dead keys) and spacing:
Repeating the same character or the same function:
Typing characters beyond the margin stops:
Normal line feeding:
Variable or minute line feeding:
Inserting characters in a limited space:
Replacing the ribbon cassette:
Replacing the lift-off tape:
Installing a lift-off tape:
Replacing the print wheel:
It was about people whose mental diseases couldn’t be treated because the causes of the diseases were in the fourth dimension, and three-dimensional earthling doctors couldn’t see these causes at all, or even imagine them.
One thing Trout said that Rosewater liked very much was that there really were vampires and werewolves and goblins and angels and so on, but they were in the fourth dimension. So was William Blake, Rosewater’s favourite poet, according to Trout. So were heaven and hell.
It was Rosewater who introduced Billy to science fiction, and in particular to the writings of Kilgore Trout. Rosewater had a tremendous collection of science fiction paperbacks under his bed. He had brought them to the hospital in an old steamer trunk. Those beloved, frumpish books gave off a smell that permeated the ward, like flannel pyjamas that hadn’t been changed for a month, or like Irish Stew.
LETTER GOTHIC 12 typeface, TEC TW-1000 …
Kurt Vonnegut’s Smith-Corona Coronamatic 2200 typewriter at the Kurt Vonnegut Memorial Library, Indianapolis, Indiana. The library was opened on the 29th January 2011.
Image from http://www.vonnegutlibrary.org/
Kurt Vonnegut and Olympia SM9, 1972
The history of TEC (Tokyo Electric Co. Ltd.) has two strands. This is reflected by not one, but two, online company histories:
The ‘Toshiba’ history provides a clear picture of how both the Tokyo Electric Company and Toshiba came to be:
1875 saw the establishment of Tanaka Seizo-sho (Tanaka Engineering Works), Japan’s first manufacturer of telegraphic equipment. Its founder, Hisashige Tanaka (1799 – 1881), was well known from his youth for inventions that included mechanical dolls and a perpetual clock. Under the name Shibaura Seisaku-sho (Shibaura Engineering Works), his company became one of Japan’s largest manufacturers of heavy electrical apparatus.
In 1890, Hakunetsu-sha & Co., Ltd. was established as Japan’s first plant for electric incandescent lamps. Subsequent diversification saw the company evolve as a manufacturer of consumer products. In 1899, the company was renamed Tokyo Denki (Tokyo Electric Co.).
In 1939, these two companies, leaders in their respective fields, merged to form an integrated electric equipment manufacturer, Tokyo Shibaura Denki (Tokyo Shibaura Electric Co., Ltd.). The company was soon well known as ‘Toshiba,’ which became its official name in 1978.”
The ‘Toshiba TEC’ history tells us that the Tokyo Shibaura Electric Co., Ltd. was renamed as the Tokyo Electric Co. Ltd in December 1952. It also indicates that ‘Toshiba’ and ‘TEC’ co-existed as two strands of the business until 1999:
April 1994: Toshiba’s facsimile products and laser beam printer business is consolidated with TEC’s business in the same fields.
October 1994: Merged with TEC Electronics Corporation and changed name to TEC Corporation.
January 1999: Trading name changed to Toshiba TEC Corporation
Another relevant entry in the ‘Toshiba TEC’ history:
October 1985: TEC’s first overseas manufacturing subsidiary established in Singapore.
I say “relevant” because it’s likely this TEC electronic typewriter TW-1000 was manufactured by TEC in Singapore.
Hence the first character of its S006730 serial number.
Note also how “Made in Japan” is conspicuously absent from the rear sticker:
Seen on its own, you could be forgiven for thinking it’s a large office machine …
… when in fact it’s a compact machine with a footprint smaller than other compacts I own, such as the Canon AP150 …
… and the IBM 6715.
The distinction between “compact” electronic typewriters and “professional” electronic typewriters was lost on the Council of the European Communities (EEC) when it rejected TEC’s appeal against a 1985 anti-dumping proceeding lodged by the Committee of European Typewriter Manufacturers (CETMA) …
One of TEC’s objections was that two distinct export markets should have been taken into consideration when profit margins were calculated:
Clearly the Council hadn’t seen TEC’s TW-5000 …
… and then compared it with the TW-1000, a compact machine that is, nevertheless, big on character …
.. and I don’t just mean its 100-character (versus 96-character) printwheel …
Too big to qualify as a “personal” electronic typewriter, the TW-1000 is personable in a way that most electronic wedges aren’t.
Someone loved this typewriter before I did …
Perhaps that’s why this particular machine has survived intact, and in good condition. Unusually, there are no signs of deterioration of the noise-insulating sponge rubber …
Less unusual is the fact that the TW-1000 uses the same Olivetti ribbon cassette that’s used on the Juki 2200 and many other Japanese electronic typewriters …
It’s survived, even if its future wasn’t as bright as predicted back in 1988 ….
Other TEC TW-survivors:
TEC TW-1100 …
TEC TW-1200 (dark grey)…
TEC TW-1200 (beige) …
TEC TW-1250 …
TEC TW-1400 …
TEC TW-5000 (again) …
1961: Establishment of the company named Electronic-Büromaschinen-Vertriebs GmbH, Hamburg
1967: Development of a dealer sales network for office communication
1968: Introduction of the brand name UTAX
1977: Start of OEM concept (first co-operation with Mita)
1983: Start of international sales concept, start of wide-format programme with first A2-machine
1984: Commenced trading with foreign distributors*1989: Establishment of UTAX UK Ltd.1991: Introduction of digital technology.1996: Sales of UTAX products to more than 40 countries throughout Europe, Africa and Middle East1999: Taken over by TA Triumph-Adler AG